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Darrel S. Brodke, M.D.Board Certified Orthopaedic Spine Surgeon

Darrel S. Brodke, MD is a board certified spine specialist with expertise in the care of neck and back problems, including disc herniations, spinal stenosis, degenerative conditions, deformities and trauma of the cervical, thoracic and lumbar spine. Dr. Brodke received his MD at the University of California, San Francisco, completed an Orthopaedic residency at the University of Wisconsin and a Fellowship in spine surgery at the University of Washington in Seattle. He joined the University of Utah in 1997 and now holds the Louis and Janet Peery Presidential Endowed Chair and is Professor and Vice Chairman of the Depatment of Orthopaedics, with research interests in spinal biomechanics and patient reported outcomes studies.

  • Fellowship
    University of Washington
    Spine and Neck
  • Residency
    University of Wisconsin Hospital
  • Internship
    University of Wisconsin Hospital Surgery
  • Professional Medical
    University of California, San Francisco
  • Undergraduate
    University of California - Davis

Academic Departments
Orthopaedics - Professor
Neurosurgery - Adjunct Professor

Board Certification
American Board of Orthopaedic Surgery

Healthgrades Honor Roll

Journal Article

  1. Chavez JL, Porucznik CA, Gren LH, Guan J, Joyce E, Brodke DS, Dailey AT, Mahan MA, Hood RS, Lawrence BD, Spiker WR, Spina NT, Bisson EF (2020). The impact of preoperative mindfulness-based stress reduction on postoperative outcomes in lumbar spine degenerative disease: 3- and 12-month results of a pilot study. (Epub ahead of print) World Neurosurg.
  2. Tobert DG, Davis BJ, Annis P, Spiker WR, Lawrence BD, Brodke DS, Spina N (2020). The impact of the lordosis distribution index on failure after surgical treatment of adult spinal deformity. (Epub ahead of print) Spine J.
  3. Goz V, Martin BI, Donnally CJ 3rd, Brodke D, Spina N, Lawrence B, Spiker WR (2020). Potential Selection Bias in Observational Studies Comparing Cervical Disc Arthroplasty to Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion. (Epub ahead of print) Spine.
  4. Charalampidis A, Jiang F, Wilson JRF, Badhiwala JH, Brodke DS, Fehlings MG (2020). The Use of Intraoperative Neurophysiological Monitoring in Spine Surgery. Global Spine Journal, 10(1 Suppl), 104S-114S.
  5. Mikhail C, Pennington Z, Arnold PM, Brodke DS, Chapman JR, Chutkan N, Daubs MD, DeVine JG, Fehlings MG, Gelb DE, Ghobrial GM, Harrop JS, Hoelscher C, Jiang F, Knightly JJ, Kwon BK, Mroz TE, Nassr A, Riew KD, Sekhon LH, Smith JS, Traynelis VC, Wang JC, Weber MH, Wilson JR, Witiw CD, Sciubba DM, Cho SK (2020). Minimizing Blood Loss in Spine Surgery. Global Spine Journal, 10(1 Suppl), 71S-83S.
  6. Spina N, Schoutens C, Martin BI, Brodke DS, Lawrence B, Spiker WR (2020). Defining Instability in Degenerative Spondylolisthesis: Surgeon Views. Clin Spine Surg, 32(10), E434-E439.
  7. Eli IM, Karsy M, Brodke DS, Bachus KN, Couldwell WT, Dailey AT, Mazur MD (2019). Restabilization of the Occipitocervical Junction After a Complete Unilateral Condylectomy: A Biomechanical Comparison of Unilateral and Bilateral Fixation Techniques. (Epub ahead of print) Oper Neurosurg (Hagerstown).
  8. Goz V, Spiker WR, Brodke D (2019). Mobile messaging and smartphone apps for patient communication and engagement in spine surgery. Ann Transl Med, 7(Suppl 5), S163.
  9. Goz V, Spiker WR, Lawrence B, Brodke D, Spina N (2019). Odontoid Fractures: A Critical Analysis Review. JBJS Rev, 7(8), e1.
  10. Goz V, Buser Z, DOro A, Wang C, Yoon ST, Park JB, Youssef JA, Meisel HJ, Wang JC, Brodke DS (2018). Complications and Risk Factors Using Structural Allograft Versus Synthetic Cage: Analysis 17‚ÄČ783 Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusions Using a National Registry. Global Spine Journal, 9(4), 388-392.
  11. Squires MD, Brodke DS, Neese A, Zhang Y, Spiker WR, Lawrence B, Spina N (2018). Physical function computer adaptive test outcomes in diabetic lumbar spine surgical patients. Spine J, 19(6), 1048-1056.
  12. Hsieh PC, Buser Z, Skelly AC, Brodt ED, Brodke D, Meisel HJ, Park JB, Yoon ST, Wang JC (2019). Allogenic Stem Cells in Spinal Fusion: A Systematic Review. Global Spine Journal, 9(1 Suppl), 22S-38S.
  13. Meisel HJ, Agarwal N, Hsieh PC, Skelly A, Park JB, Brodke D, Wang JC, Yoon ST, Buser Z (2019). Cell Therapy for Treatment of Intervertebral Disc Degeneration: A Systematic Review. Global Spine Journal, 9(1 Suppl), 39S-52S.
  14. Goz V, Lakomkin N, Jalali A, Brodke DS, Spiker WR (2018). Coagulation Laboratory Testing Is Predictive of Wound Complications Following Microdiscectomy. Global Spine Journal, 9(2), 138-142.
  15. Rogers J, Spina N, Neese A, Hess R, Brodke D, Lex A (2019). Composer-Visual Cohort Analysis of Patient Outcomes. Appl Clin Inform, 10(2), 278-285.
  16. Martin BI, Mirza SK, Spina N, Spiker WR, Lawrence B, Brodke DS (2018). Trends in Lumbar Fusion Procedure Rates and Associated Hospital Costs for Degenerative Spinal Diseases in the United States, 2004 to 2015. Spine, 44(5), 369-376.
  17. Hung M, Saltzman CL, Voss MW, Bounsanga J, Kendall R, Spiker R, Lawrence B, Brodke D (2018). Responsiveness of the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS), Neck Disability Index (NDI) and Oswestry Disability Index (ODI) instruments in patients with spinal disorders. Spine J, 19(1), 34-40.
  18. Hung M, Saltzman CL, Kendall R, Bounsanga J, Voss MW, Lawrence B, Spiker R, Brodke D (2018). What Are the MCIDs for PROMIS, NDI, and ODI Instruments Among Patients With Spinal Conditions? Clin Orthop Relat Res, 476(10), 2027-2036.
  19. Kendall R, Wagner B, Brodke D, Bounsanga J, Voss M, Gu Y, Spiker R, Lawrence B, Hung M (2017). The Relationship of PROMIS Pain Interference and Physical Function Scales. Pain Med, 19(9), 1720-1724.
  20. Finley SM, Brodke DS, Spina NT, DeDen CA, Ellis BJ (2018). FEBio finite element models of the human lumbar spine. Comput Methods Biomech Biomed Engin, 21(6), 444-452.
  21. Kean J, Brodke DS, Biber J, Gross P (2018). An introduction to Item Response Theory and Rasch Analysis of the Eating Assessment Tool (EAT-10). Brain Impairment, 19(Spec Iss 1), 91-102.
  22. Brodke DS, Goz V, Voss MW, Lawrence BD, Spiker WR, Hung M (2017). PROMIS PF CAT Outperforms the ODI and SF-36 Physical Function Domain in Spine Patients. Spine, 42(12), 921-929.
  23. Brodke DS, Goz V, Lawrence BD, Spiker WR, Neese A, Hung M (2017). Oswestry Disability Index: a psychometric analysis with 1,610 patients. Spine J, 17(3), 321-327.
  24. Brodke DJ, Saltzman CL, Brodke DS (2016). PROMIS for Orthopaedic Outcomes Measurement. J Am Acad Orthop Surg, 24(11), 744-749.
  25. Daubs MD, Brodke DS, Annis P, Lawrence BD (2016). Perioperative Complications of Pedicle Subtraction Osteotomy. Global Spine Journal, 6(7), 630-635.
  26. Buser Z, Brodke DS, Youssef JA, Meisel HJ, Myhre SL, Hashimoto R, Park JB, Tim Yoon S, Wang JC (2016). Synthetic bone graft versus autograft or allograft for spinal fusion: a systematic review. J Neurosurg Spine, 25(4), 509-516.
  27. Ruofeng Y, Cohen JR, Buser Z, Yoon ST, Meisel HJ, Youssef JA, Park JB, Wang JC, Brodke DS (2016). Trends of Posterior Long Segment Fusion with and without Recombinant Human Bone Morphogenetic Protein 2 in Patients with Scoliosis. Global Spine Journal, 6(5), 422-31.
  28. Wilson JR, BSc LT, Aarabi B, Anderson PA, Arnold PM, Brodke DS, Burns A, Chen R, Chiba K, Dettori J, Furlan JC, Harrop JS, Holly LT, Jeji T, Kalsi-Ryan S, Kotter M, Kurpad SN, Kwon BK, Marino R, Martin AR, Massicotte EM, Merli G, Middleton J, Nakashima H, Nagoshi N, Palmieri K, Shamji MF, Singh A, Skelly A, Yee A, Fehlings M (2016). 181 Guidelines for the Management of Patients With Spinal Cord Injury: The Optimal Timing of Decompression. Neurosurgery, 63 Suppl 1, 172.
  29. Colman MW, Guss A, Bachus KN, Spiker WR, Lawrence BD, Brodke DS (2016). Fixed-Angle, Posteriorly Connected Anterior Cage Reconstruction Improves Stiffness and Decreases Cancellous Subsidence in a Spondylectomy Model. Spine, 41(9), E519-23.
  30. Bible J, Rihn JA, Lim MR, Brodke DS, Lee JY (2016). Avoiding and Managing Intraoperative Complications During Cervical Spine Surgery. Instr Course Lect, 65, 281-90.
  31. Choma TJ, Rechtine G, McGuire RA, Brodke DS (2016). Treating the Aging Spine. Instr Course Lect, 65, 269-79.
  32. Bible JE, Rihn JA, Lim MR, Brodke DS, Lee JY (2015). Avoiding and Managing Intraoperative Complications During Cervical Spine Surgery. J Am Acad Orthop Surg, 23(12), e81-90.
  33. Choma TJ, Rechtine GR, McGuire RA Jr, Brodke DS (2015). Treating the Aging Spine. J Am Acad Orthop Surg, 23(12), e91-e100.
  34. Hung M, Cheng C, Hon SD, Franklin JD, Lawrence BD, Neese A, Grover CB, Brodke DS (2015). Challenging the norm: further psychometric investigation of the neck disability index. Spine J, 15(11), 2440-5.
  35. Smith MW, Annis P, Lawrence BD, Daubs MD, Brodke DS (2015). Acute proximal junctional failure in patients with preoperative sagittal imbalance. Spine J, 15(10), 2142-8.
  36. Goldstein CL, Brodke DS, Choma TJ (2015). Surgical Management of Spinal Conditions in the Elderly Osteoporotic Spine. Neurosurgery, 77 Suppl 4, S98-107.
  37. Ailon T, Smith JS, Shaffrey CI, Lenke LG, Brodke D, Harrop JS, Fehlings M, Ames CP (2015). Degenerative Spinal Deformity. Neurosurgery, 77 Suppl 4, S75-91.
  38. Schroeder GD, Kepler CK, Kurd MF, Paul JT, Rubenstein RN, Harrop JS, Brodke DS, Chapman JR, Vaccaro AR (2015). A Systematic Review of the Treatment of Geriatric Type II Odontoid Fractures. Neurosurgery, 77 Suppl 4, S6-14.
  39. Goz V, Rane A, Abtahi AM, Lawrence BD, Brodke DS, Spiker WR (2015). Geographic variations in the cost of spine surgery. Spine, 40(17), 1380-9.
  40. Mazur MD, Ravindra VM, Schmidt MH, Brodke DS, Lawrence BD, Riva-Cambrin J, Dailey AT (2015). Unplanned reoperation after lumbopelvic fixation with S-2 alar-iliac screws or iliac bolts. J Neurosurg Spine, 23(1), 67-76.
  41. Annis P, Brodke DS, Spiker WR, Daubs MD, Lawrence BD (2015). The Fate of L5-S1 With Low-Dose BMP-2 and Pelvic Fixation, With or Without Interbody Fusion, in Adult Deformity Surgery. Spine, 40(11), E634-9.
  42. Abtahi AM, Brodke DS, Lawrence BD, Zhang C, Spiker WR (2015). Association between patient-reported measures of psychological distress and patient satisfaction scores after spine surgery. J Bone Joint Surg Am, 97(10), 824-8.
  43. Daubs MD, Tyser A, Lawrence BD, Sinclair SK, Patel AA, Adams J, Brodke DS (2015). The effect of aging on posterior intertransverse lumbar fusion: a New Zealand white rabbit model. Journal of Spinal Disorders & Techniques, 28(2), E115-20.
  44. Hung M, Stuart A, Cheng C, Hon SD, Spiker R, Lawrence B, Neese A, Brodke DS (2015). Predicting the DRAM mZDI using the PROMIS anxiety and depression. Spine, 40(3), 179-83.
  45. Calvert GC, Lawrence BD, Abtahi AM, Bachus KN, Brodke DS (2015). Cortical screws used to rescue failed lumbar pedicle screw construct: a biomechanical analysis. J Neurosurg Spine, 22(2), 166-72.
  46. Joaquim AF, Ghizoni E, Tedeschi H, Yacoub AR, Brodke DS, Vaccaro AR, Patel AA (2015). Upper cervical injuries: Clinical results using a new treatment algorithm. J Craniovertebr Junction Spine, 6(1), 16-20.
  47. Lawrence BD, Patel AA, Guss A, Ryan Spiker W, Brodke DS (2014). Malaligned dynamic anterior cervical plate: a biomechanical analysis of effectiveness. Spine, 39(25), 2057-61.
  48. Annis P, Lawrence BD, Spiker WR, Zhang Y, Chen W, Daubs MD, Brodke DS (2014). Predictive factors for acute proximal junctional failure after adult deformity surgery with upper instrumented vertebrae in the thoracolumbar spine. Evid Based Spine Care J, 5(2), 160-2.
  49. Daubs MD, Hung M, Adams JR, Patel AA, Lawrence BD, Neese AM, Brodke DS (2014). Clinical predictors of psychological distress in patients presenting for evaluation of a spinal disorder. Spine J, 14(9), 1978-83.
  50. Fehlings MG, Barry S, Kopjar B, Yoon ST, Arnold P, Massicotte EM, Vaccaro A, Brodke DS, Shaffrey C, Smith JS, Woodard E, Banco RJ, Chapman J, Janssen M, Bono C, Sasso R, Dekutoski M, Gokaslan ZL (2014). Response to, Letter to the Editor Regarding our Article Anterior vs Posterior Surgical Approaches to Treat Cervical Spondylotic Myelopathy: Outcomes of the Prospective Multicenter AOSpine North America CSM Study in 264 Patients. (Epub ahead of print) Spine.
  51. Daubs MD, Hung M, Neese A, Hon SD, Lawrence BD, Patel AA, Annis P, Smith J, Brodke DS (2014). Scoliosis research society-22 results in 3052 healthy adolescents aged 10 to 19 years. Spine, 39(10), 826-32.
  52. Joaquim AF, Ghizoni E, Tedeschi H, Lawrence B, Brodke DS, Vaccaro AR, Patel AA (2014). Upper cervical injuries - a rational approach to guide surgical management. J Spinal Cord Med, 37(2), 139-51.
  53. Hung M, Hon SD, Franklin JD, Kendall RW, Lawrence BD, Neese A, Cheng C, Brodke DS (2014). Psychometric properties of the PROMIS physical function item bank in patients with spinal disorders. Spine, 39(2), 158-63.
  54. Arnold PM, Fehlings MG, Kopjar B, Yoon ST, Massicotte EM, Vaccaro AR, Brodke DS, Shaffrey CI, Smith JS, Woodard EJ, Banco RJ, Chapman JR, Janssen ME, Bono CM, Sasso RC, Dekutoski MB, Gokaslan ZL (2014). Mild diabetes is not a contraindication for surgical decompression in cervical spondylotic myelopathy: results of the AOSpine North America multicenter prospective study (CSM). Spine J, 14(1), 65-72.
  55. Joaquim AF, Lawrence B, Daubs M, Brodke D, Tedeschi H, Vaccaro AR, Patel AA (2014). Measuring the impact of the Thoracolumbar Injury Classification and Severity Score among 458 consecutively treated patients. J Spinal Cord Med, 37(1), 101-6.
  56. Smith JS, Lafage V, Ryan DJ, Shaffrey CI, Schwab FJ, Patel AA, Brodke DS, Arnold PM, Riew KD, Traynelis VC, Radcliff K, Vaccaro AR, Fehlings MG, Ames CP (2013). Association of myelopathy scores with cervical sagittal balance and normalized spinal cord volume: analysis of 56 preoperative cases from the AOSpine North America Myelopathy study. Spine, 38(22 Suppl 1), S161-70.
  57. Brodke D, Pedrozo HA, Kapur TA, Attawia M, Kraus KH, Holy CE, Kadiyala S, Bruder SP (2006). Bone grafts prepared with selective cell retention technology heal canine segmental defects as effectively as autograft. J Orthop Res, 24(5), 857-66.
  58. Vaccaro AR, Kim DH, Brodke DS, Harris M, Chapman JR, Schildhauer T, Routt ML, Sasso RC (2004). Diagnosis and management of thoracolumbar spine fractures. Instr Course Lect, 53, 359-73.
  59. Vaccaro AR, Kim DH, Brodke DS, Harris M, Chapman JR, Schildhauer T, Routt ML, Sasso RC (2004). Diagnosis and management of sacral spine fractures. Instr Course Lect, 53, 375-85.
  60. Brodke DS, Willie BM, Maaranen EA, Bloebaum RD (2002). Spinal cage retrieval and assessment of biologic response. Journal of Spinal Disorders & Techniques, 15(3), 206-12.
  61. Lonser RR, Brodke DS, Dailey AT (2001). Vertebral osteomyelitis secondary to Pseudallescheria boydii. J Spinal Disord, 14(4), 361-4.
  62. Crim JR, Moore K, Brodke D (2001). Clearance of the cervical spine in multitrauma patients: the role of advanced imaging. Semin Ultrasound CT MR, 22(4), 283-305.


  1. Choma TJ, Brodke DS (2016). What's New in Spine Surgery. [Review]. J Bone Joint Surg Am, 98(12), 1052-8.

Book Chapter

  1. Brodke DS, Annis P, Lawrence BD (2016). Odontoid Screw Placement. In Vaccaro AR, Albert TJ (Eds.), Spine Surgery Tricks of the Trade (3rd, Chapter 20, pp. 68-70). New York: Thieme.
  2. Belding J, Brodke DS, Lawrence BD (2015). Differentiating Lumbar Fractures from Thoracolumbar Fractures. In Vialle LR, Bellabarba C, Kandziora F (Eds.), AOSpine Master Series, Volume 6: Thoracolumber Spine Trauma (6th, Chapter 9, pp. 109-19). New York: Thieme.
  3. Annis P, Brodke DS (2015). Lumbar Region. In Haid RW, Schwab FJ, Schaffrey CI, Youssef JA (Eds.), Global Spinal Alignment: Principles, Pathologies and Procedures (13, pp. 165-88).
  4. Hohl JB, Holt DC, Brodke DS (2014). Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery Complications with Implant Placement and Fixation. In Phillips FM, Lieberman IH, Polly DW (Eds.), Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery (37, pp. 431-44). New York: Springer.

Case Report

  1. Haller JM, Calvert G, Spiker WR, Brodke DS, Lawrence BD (2015). Remote Cerebellar Hemorrhage after Revision Lumbar Spine Surgery. Global Spine Journal, 5(6), 535-7.
  2. Montgomery JT, Lawrence BD, Brodke DS, Patel AA (2015). Postoperative Shingles Mimicking Recurrent Radiculopathy after Anterior Cervical Diskectomy and Fusion. Global Spine Journal, 5(3), 219-23.
  3. Abtahi AM, Brodke DS, Lawrence BD (2014). Vertebral artery anomalies at the craniovertebral junction: a case report and review of the literature. Evid Based Spine Care J, 5(2), 121-5.